The importance of Fathering on the Family Process

The importance of Fathering on the Family Process

Fathering moderates the effects of maternal depression on the family process

Family provides the natural context for children’s growth and adaptation (Carpendale & Lewis, 2004; Cowan & Cowan, 2002; Minuchin, 1985; Parke & Tinsley, 1987). Throughout human history and across cultural communities, family, which is the interface of familiarity and affiliation, has defined the most solid cultural institution that enhances survival, transmits values, facilitates adaptation, and supports children’s cognitive and social-emotional development through participation in multiple daily relationships with parents and siblings and observation of the relations between close others (Asher & Gottman, 1981; Darling & Steinberg, 1993; Feldman, Masalha, & Derdikman-Eiron, 2010; Schnei- der, Attili, Nadel, & Weissberg, 1989).

Extant research has shown that a cohesive, warm, and harmonious family process, which is characterized by cooperation among members, individual autonomy, and low intrusiveness and rigidity, predicts a host of positive child outcomes, including social competence, lower externalizing and internalizing symptoms, reduced physiological stress, and positive emotional expression and emotion regulation (Bai, Repetti, & Sperling, 2016; Favez et al., 2012; Jacobvitz, Hazen, Curran, & Hitchens, 2004; McHale, 2007; Robles et al., 2016).

– Study by Adam Vakrat, Yale Apter-Levy, and Ruth Feldman (Bar-Ilan University), 2017

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